Under regular order in the annual budget and appropriations process, the president would release the president’s budget submission in February and Congress would complete its budget resolution, which sets the top-line budget totals and divides spending into categories, by mid-April. However, as we have seen over the past several years, ‘regular order’ has become more of the exception than the rule as continuing resolutions (CRs) are passed to keep the government afloat (until budget deals can be reached), and appropriations deadlines are continually pushed back.
In this year’s case, the public didn’t see movement with respect to fiscal year 2018 budget resolutions until the House Budget Committee unveiled its budget blueprint in July and the Senate Budget Committee unveiled its version late last month. Among the biggest takeaways in both the House and Senate versions are the cuts to non-defense spending, which covers everything outside of the defense portfolio, including scientific research, education, etc.:
“The Senate’s resolution keeps defense spending at the budget cap levels outlined by the Budget Control Act. It hacks away at non-defense spending starting in 2019, cutting it by as much as $106 billion by 2027. The House, on the other hand, cuts into non-defense spending right away, but includes a $70 billion increase in defense spending in 2018 alone” (The Hill).
The full House narrowly passed its $4.1 trillion budget resolution last Thursday, October 5, creating a pathway through which members could pass tax reform via the budget reconciliation process. The full Senate is expected to consider its budget resolution in mid-October.
Drilling down further into fiscal 2018 spending, the House and Senate are also working to finalize their respective spending bills, including appropriations for the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education and Related Agencies (Labor-HHS). The House, which in mid-September voted along party lines to approve a package of 12 spending bills, is farther ahead in the process than the Senate, whose Labor-HHS bill for fiscal 2018 was approved by the Senate Appropriations Committee just last month.
Relevant for AADR members, the House and Senate bills call for a $1.1 and $2 billion increase, respectively, for the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The two spending bills also call for increases to the budget of the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR). The House bill provides roughly $432.36 million for NIDCR, and the Senate bill provides just under $439.74 million, compared with the fiscal 2017 level of $425.75 million.
The House and Senate bills will ultimately have to be reconciled, and in anticipation of the end of the fiscal year on September 30, lawmakers voted to extend 2017 spending levels until December 8, 2017 to give them more time to reach an agreement. However, it is not clear whether Congress and the White House will be able to make a deal by that time.
AADR will continue to keep its members apprised of the budget process and how developments unfold in the weeks to come.
Fiscal Year 2018 Resources: