AADR Selects University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Dentistry Student for Gert Quigley Fellowship

AADR is pleased to announce the selection of Tanner Godfrey from the University of Alabama Birmingham School of Dentistry as the 2017-18 Gert Quigley Fellow. Mr. Godfrey is currently enrolled in the DMD/PhD program and is the Secretary of the AADR National Student Research Group (NSRG). Mr. Godfrey is the recipient of numerous research awards including the inaugural IADR 3MT and the AADR Student Research Award. He was also a finalist in the AADR Hatton competition. In 2015, Mr. Godfrey received his B.S. in biochemistry at Utah State University.  In his application for the fellowship, Mr. Godfrey noted, “At the completion of my dual training, I have the ultimate career goal of becoming a clinician-scientist. There are many different roles involved in research and academics, one of which is advocacy. Without proper advocacy for the dental research field, awareness of the importance of this research and subsequent funding would be in increased danger. In order to be a leader and valuable member of the dental research field, I feel it is critical to learn the workings of the U.S. government and how to promote dental research. The Gert Quigley Fellowship would serve as an unmatchable experience for gaining this knowledge, and would be extremely valuable to my future success.”

 

The Gert Quigley Public Policy Fellowship provides a unique learning experience both in Washington, DC and through grassroots efforts at the participants local university or institution. This fellowship is designed to familiarize dental school, Ph.D., or dual degree students with the federal legislative process as it relates to basic and translational dental and craniofacial research, as well as research on the oral health care delivery system. Applications for the 2018-19 Gert Quigley Public Policy Fellowship will be available in March 2018.

Elsevier report: Women make gains in global research representation

A recent report on gender representation in the global research workforce by information analytics company Elsevier showed that participation by women is increasing but some gender gaps still exist. Authors of the report, Gender in the Global Research Landscape, used a variety of metrics to compare the participation of women between 1996-2000 and 2011-2015. The report was released at an event in Washington, DC on March 31.

Authors of the report determined gender representation by looking at authors within the Scopus database of scholarly journal articles and using a gender disambiguation algorithm to predict the gender of each author. However, the algorithm was unable to predict the genders of names from Asian or African countries with satisfactory probability. Therefore, the report does not include data from any African countries and only includes data from Japan for the Asian continent. Attendees of the Washington, DC event were concerned about the exclusion of US researchers of Asian or African descent, especially since Asians make up a large share of the US research workforce. Because Elsevier does not collect data related to race or ethnicity, researchers could not address this issue but emphasized that the algorithm did predict the genders of 80% of US researchers.

The major finding of the report was that representation of women in research increased by many metrics. There was greater overall representation of women in all countries and regions analyzed. According to Elsevier researchers, gender balance is achieved when women comprise 40-60% of any group. By this standard, all countries and regions included in this study reached, surpassed, or were within a few percentage points of gender balance, with the exception of Japan. Women also submitted more patent applications and received a greater share of patents in the later time period than the earlier period.

There were still areas where representation of women lagged. During 2011-2015, women were highly represented in social and life sciences but poorly represented in physical sciences and engineering. Women were less likely to collaborate internationally or across academic and corporate sectors and were less internationally mobile. Men also published more than women, but there was little difference between the scholarly impact of men and women researchers. However, women were more likely to be involved in interdisciplinary research, and interdisciplinary research had lower scholarly impact.

Authors of the report studied representation of women in leadership roles in engineering and nursing by looking at the gender of the first and corresponding authors, positions usually reserved for those holding primary or senior roles on research teams. The share of women in engineering and nursing leadership generally reflected overall gender representation in these fields. However, by the 40-60% rule of gender balance, gender balance in engineering leadership was reached in all countries and regions analyzed except France and Japan. In other words, women senior authors in engineering actually exceeded their overall representation. However, data presented by Dr. Cassidy R. Sugimoto at the release and a study cited in the report showed that women tend to more involved in performing experiments while men are in more senior positions, or as Dr. Sugimoto put it, “Women are the hands of science, while men are asking the questions.”

Authors of the report also analyzed gender representation by disciple based on journals in which authors published. Dentistry had a small share of the research workforce, but the share of women involved in dentistry was similar in most countries and regions examined in 2011-2015, with participation of women between 30-40%. Brazil had the highest representation of women at 55%, and Japan had the lowest at 26%. In the US, women comprised 36% of the dental research workforce over this time period.

Portugal was a particularly bright spot in the report. During 2011-2015, women comprised 49% of Portugal’s research workforce. Portugal had the highest level of women represented in 20 of 27 disciplines. Women were highly represented in areas where their representation is typically low. The report highlights intentional policy moves aimed at achieving gender balance in Portugal, demonstrating that gender balance does not happen by accident and that policies can expedite progress.

The overarching conclusion of the report was that gender representation is improving by many measures, but there is still work to do. While many countries have cleared the first hurdle of balanced gender representation, there are still gains to be made in leadership and collaboration and understanding the policies and social and cultural dynamics that hinder gender progress in those areas. Many event attendees also wondered about representation at the intersection of gender and race, a possible subject for future studies.

Elsevier will hold similar release events on gender and research in Brussels, Belgium on May 12, Tokyo, Japan on May 25-26, and Montreal on November 6-8, 2017.

Find the report, presentations from the March 31 Washington, DC release, and future events here:

Report: https://www.elsevier.com/research-intelligence/campaigns/gender-17

Presentations and Future Events: https://www.elsevier.com/connect/gender-and-science-resource-center#events

FNIDCR Letter Demonstrates Robust Support for NIDCR Funding

Today, in an effort led by AADR, the Friends of National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (FNIDCR) sent a letter signed by 63 organizations, patient advocates and dental schools urging Congress to provide $430.5 million for the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR) in the final fiscal year (FY) 2017 appropriation bill and $452 million in FY18. The organizations also urged Congress to oppose President Trump’s FY18 budget request which recommends an unprecedented 20 percent cut to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and a major reorganization of its institutes of centers. They also urged Congress to oppose the Administrations’ recent proposal to cut $1.2 billion from NIH in the current fiscal year to pay for an increase in defense and the wall along the Mexican border.

What is next? The current continuing resolution (CR) expires on April 28th. Congress will either need to pass a short term CR, a long term CR or an omnibus appropriations bill and the President must sign the funding legislation to avert a government shutdown.

AADR and FNIDCR will continue to monitor these developments closely and provide updates to the community as this process unfolds.

NIDCR seeks input on next 15 years of dental, oral and craniofacial research

The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR) has launched NIDCR 2030, a strategic visioning initiative designed to advance dental, oral and craniofacial research over the next 15 years. The Institute is requesting ideas on how to align oral health research with community needs and promote population health. The NIDCR 2030 team will use these ideas and comments to plan future workshops and research initiatives.

Submitted ideas will be reviewed by subject matter experts for:

  • Innovation
  • Impact on science, health, and health disparities
  • Alignment with NIDCR mission
  • Feasibility
  • Number of votes

When considering themes for potential funding initiatives, NIDCR also takes into account scientific opportunity, robustness of the existing portfolio in the theme area, and the current budgetary climate.

AADR would like to submit input as an organization for consideration by visitors to the NIDCR 2030 website and the NIDCR 2030 team. Please submit ideas to sajiboye@iadr.org April 28, 2017. Thank you for your input.

Science policy analyst featured in New York Times article on March for Science

IADR and AADR Science Policy Analyst, Dr. Seun Ajiboye, was featured in a New York Times article published on April 17 about the upcoming March for Science.

After responding to a survey gathering different viewpoints about the march, Dr. Ajiboye was approached by a columnist for the Science section of the newspaper about using her response in the article. Dr. Ajiboye voiced her support for the march and her hope that the march will result in public support for increased research funding, saying, “People need to be aware that the quality of life and life expectancy they enjoy are largely due to scientific advances and the investment of the U.S. in the sciences.”

The March for Science will be a global event taking place on Saturday, April 22. The main event will take place in Washington, DC, while satellite marches will be held in over 500 cities around the world.

The March for Science: Why Some are Going, and Some Will Sit Out
Michael Roston, New York Times, April 17, 2017

AADR encourages oral health objectives in NIH Nutrition Research Strategic Plan

With the input of AADR members, AADR has submitted comments to the Nutrition Research Task Force to encourage inclusion of oral health objectives in the first institute-wide National Institutes of Health Nutrition Research Strategic Plan. The Strategic Plan will guide a nutrition-focused research agenda for the next 10 years.

Please use the links below to view and vote for the following objectives. Voting will raise the profile and visibility of oral health objectives:

Please feel free to submit additional ideas. The website closes on April 16.

Please click here to view the formal letter submitted on behalf of AADR.